Many electronic devices and systems with industrial and consumer applications can be enhanced with these technologies.
Significant improvements to the performance of Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) can be achieved by advances in the modulation techniques of the satellites transmitted baseline signal. Interoperability is also a key benefit between the GPSIII and Galileo networks.
Methods and technology developed to detect and diagnose substances i.e. explosives, chemicals and biological substances across a range of industry sectors and applications.
Airborne biological threats pose a real and serious concern for both Departments of Defence and the Homeland Security markets. Threats range from anthrax spores to biological toxins. Current methods to detect their presence are all liquid based (e.g. PCR, immunoassays). Potential threat agents need to be efficiently extracted from the airborne state for onward liquid-based analysis, a potential threat detected by a “trigger” can then be assessed.
An instrument that can deliver reagent-free, real-time, continuous monitoring of bio-aerosols. This could be used for monitoring of bio-aerosol loads at composting sites, detecting indoor mould spores, environmental research or pharmaceutical clean rooms.
A robust and easy to use device has been developed for swabbing surfaces and the sample run on several different lateral flow test strips. A range of materials from explosives to bacterial contamination can be tested for. The sample is retained in the device for subsequent analysis, or as forensic evidence.
Diagnosed cases of sepsis are exceeding 18 million a year and growing at a rate of 8-10% annually with 1,400 patients dying from sepsis each day in the developed world.
A Dstl team has recently reported the identification of 45 biomarkers which give a predictive accuracy of 97.24% of the onset of the life-threatening, globally occurring condition sepsis, versus baseline comparators, and a 100% predictive accuracy in differentiating sepsis from Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS).
Dstl has developed an assay method for detecting the presence of particular nucleic acid
sequences which may be adapted to quantify the amount of the target sequence in a sample.
Using an assay of this type, a fluorescent label becomes incorporated only into the amplification
product allowing delivery of higher specificity and faster detection of target nucleic acids for
methods such as qPCR.
Work is constantly evolving in order to develop biometric capability whether for access control or to enable forensic recovery and analysis techniques and tools.
One of the major problems with matching measured signals to model signals is that the matching effectiveness can be badly compromised in the presence of noise in the measured signal. The NAFM method operates on statistical features of the signals, rather than the actual waveform shapes of the signals. The NAFM method can deliver a significant improvement in matching accuracy, particularly when large or varying amounts of noise are present in the measured signal, as is typical with the use of voice biometrics for mobile consumer devices.
We offer significant expertise and unique tools that can be utilised more widely through development with industrial partners.
CDCAT provides a methodology and scoring system for cyber defence preparedness. The development draws significantly on government and industry and consolidates the most effective best practices. Results are presented in a format consistent with the industry standard for IT service management; ITIL offering a potentially huge market to interact with. CDCAT is available from APMG
Dstl’s primary role is to ensure the MOD’s capabilities in science and technology support its current and future objectives. Ploughshare has been able to widen the benefit further to other defence and homeland security markets.
A corona discharge ionisation source is disclosed in which neutral species are removed by directing a flow of oxygen containing gas in a direction substantially different to that of the ion flow. The ion profiles produced are similar in many respects to those produced by a 63Ni source, an alternative, non-radioactive, ion source is offered.
A flexible bracket originally developed for attaching armour to a vehicle. The felexibility allows more resilient support for the armour during vehicle manoeuvre when compared with a rigid alternative, it’s potential applications are much wider. For more details: email@example.com
Super Bainite steel is a high performance armour steel, following live fire trials it has been demonstrated to have a hardness matching that of alternative high hardness armour steels, and some ceramic armours, at a much reduced cost.
The Dstl Integrated Audio-Visual Acoustic Detection has been developed to assist sonar operators by automatically analysing auditory information and presenting it as visual markers, simplifying complex sound detection and identification.
Developed by Dstl to detect, study or mitigate the effects of trauma or infection, these technologies can also add value in the wound care, detection and even advanced material industries.
Scientists at the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl) in the UK have developed a method to treat a toxin to produce a toxoid for use in vaccines that does not involve the use of formaldehyde. These toxoids are more stable, quicker to produce and avoid the toxicity associated with formaldehyde.
The £200m rodenticide manufacturing market is dominated by products based upon anticoagulants. However, due to issues of concern regarding humaneness, toxicity (resistance) and safety there is increasing pressure upon the industry to develop new products.
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) can occur when the head receives an impact from a blunt or
penetrating object, or is subject to an injury that causes back and forth movement inside the
skull. The main causes are falls, Road Traffic Incidents (RTIs) and sporting injuries. TBI may
lead to death or permanent disablement.
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